Delhi is the capital of India. It has been subject to several invasions. Delhi had witnessed historical changes. There have been battles, which had left scars on the heart of Delhi. Delhi after Independence finally heaved a sigh of relief from the constant change of rules.
Starting from the Mauryan rule till the British Raj, Delhi has faced it all. Being the capital city of India, this state has been the centre of all activities. But, Delhi after Independence saw a lot more in terms of religious conflicts, geographical partition and so on. As expected, the pain and the troubles of Delhi had not got over yet.
With so many dynasties ruling India and making Delhi its capital, Delhi and other neighboring states had been too wounded to recover soon. But, post Indian Independence Delhi along with Indian was reborn.
The First Big Blow on Indian Independence:
Delhi was not fortunate enough to embrace Independence as yet. 15th August 1947, did see the National Flag flying proudly on Indian Soil, but with Independence followed the unfortunate Partition.
The rift between the two most important religious clans of India, Hindus and Muslims had much before the Independence. The British Rule had further aggravated this situation and taken advantage of this rift.
The Partition of India and Pakistan came in as a big blow to the people, who had not got enough time to rejoice the Independence. People of both religions used to live with harmony in both these newly made countries. But with the “divide and rule” policy adopted by the British rule, this brotherhood among the religious communities turned into a sour game.
The Partition was announced as a part of Indian Independence Act 1947. As a result of this Partition over 12.5 million people were displaced. Millions of people lost their lives with the Partition. The Partition was not as peaceful as it was expected. It took lives, destroyed household, properties and left a wound which could not be healed.
The Indo- Pakistan War:
The Indo- Pakistan War or the First War of Kashmir was fought between the two newly made countries from the year 1947 to 1948. Kashmir was a major attraction to both the countries. This war was fought to acquire the state of Kashmir. There were many more wars with the Kashmir issue, but with not much result.
The advancements after Independence:
Delhi and the rest of India had a major economical setback with so many wars and so many dynasties taking away the Indian wealth. With invasions like Persians, Afghans, Britishers and so on, Indian wealth has been plundered again and again.
Delhi after Independence saw a lot of reforms for the betterment of the country as a whole. There were several changes made in the administrative, judicial, social, political arrangements too.
Delhi got converted into a Union Territory in the year 1956. The Chief Commissioner of Delhi was replaced by the Lt. Governor.
Delhi got its first Prime Minister as Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. He was also known as Pandit Ji.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India from Bihar. This great nationalist, served as a President for 2 terms.
Delhi has seen good as well as bad times. But it has taken time for Delhi to recover from the previous problems. Delhi is advancing at a great speed. But to recover from the past bruises, it will still take time. Delhi after Independence is looking forward to a great future and is working hard to achieve it.