Delhi has seen the advent of several kingdoms. Some of these were born and brought up in the Indian soil itself. The other kingdoms came to India as guests or for business and ended up conquering India. Mughal Dynasty was one of the biggest dynasties which conquered India. The Mughal Dynasty or the Mogul Empire, as it is commonly known as, was Indian- Islamic kingdom which began in 1526.
After the Timurids, the Mughals came to the forefront as the rulers. They were the descendents of the Timurids. The Mughal Dynasty ruled India from the 16th century till the 18th century. Towards the end of the 19th century, they existed as powerless entities.
The beginning of Mughal Rule in India:
Delhi saw a change in the rule with the coming of the Mughal dynasty. The Mughal dynasty set its foot in India under the guidance of Mughal Emperor Babur. He first captured Punjab with his army and then aimed at the capital Delhi. Delhi and a major part of India then belonged to Ibrahim Lodhi, who was the Delhi sultan. Babur already had Afghanistan under his kingship, but he later quenched his thirst of more places after capturing Indian regions. With Babur, came the Mughal Empire to Delhi as well as other places.
Mughal Empire and their rule:
Mughal Empire had one of the longest rules in India. The word Mughal had come up from the homeland of the Mughal, called Moghulistan. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the famous battle of Panipat. He then defeated Rana Sanga of Chittor.
Initially, with the advent of the Mughal in India, there were several confusions. The Mughal dynasty had brought in the Persian culture along with them. They were Turks but they had a lot of Persian effect on them too. India too got a taste of this Persian and Turkish taste in many ways.
The Mughal and their likes:
Mughal were people of good taste. They did bring in barbarous ways of administration in the initial and the later years. But, they also touched Delhi and its neighboring places with some excellent Mughal art. Babur and his successors had great love for art in terms of monuments, sculptures, mosques, gardens and so on. The Mughal dynasty contributed a lot to the India in terms of Persian art. There are remarkable monuments such as the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Humayun’s Tomb, and Fatehpur Sikri and so on.
Mughal Rulers of Mughal Dynasty:
Zaheeruddin Muhammad Babur was the first Mughal Emperor in India. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun, who was known as the ailing and less brave prince. In a battle with the famous Sher Shah Suri, Humayun fled from the battlefield. He died at an early age and was succeeded by his 13 year old, chivalrous son, Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar. Akbar was the strongest and most powerful of all the Mughal Emperors who followed after him or who ruled before him. He not only won several battles but also won acclaim as a great ruler. This great Mughal Emperor was succeeded by Nooruddin Muhammad Jahangir. He was more of an alcoholic and a lover of beauty. The throne was mainly managed by his wife Noor Jahan. Jahangir was then succeeded by his son, Shahaabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan. He became famous for his love of art and architecture. Under him, several great monuments came up in Agra and Delhi. He was not a great ruler and thus came under the domination of one of his sons, Moinhuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Alamgir. Aurangzeb is known as a cruel Mughal Emperor. But he was also a great conqueror and spread his kingdom to cover more of India. Last important Mughal Dynasty ruler was Bahadur Shah Zafar was deposed by the British Government for conspiring against them.
Mughal Dynasty conquered India with an intention to rule. They did so but also gifted India and specially Delhi, with some great work of architecture.