Humayun’s Tomb is one of the attractions of Delhi which attracts tourists from far and wide. The tomb was built on the name of the eldest son of Mughal Emperor Babur, who acquired the Mughal crown after his father’s death.
Humayun was the second Emperor in the Mughal dynasty. He ruled India for long before he was defeated and ousted by the Afghan ruler, Sher Shah Suri. After the untimely death of this Mughal ruler, his son Akbar succeeded him as the Emperor of India. It was during this time, that the Humayun’s Tomb was built as per the wishes of Humayun’s widow, Bega Begum.
The Humayun’s Tomb was the first monument which was constructed under Akbar’s reign. It was also the first garden covered tomb constructed in India. The Humayun’s Tomb rests on the banks of River Yamuna.
Inside the Humayun Tomb:
You must be curious to know, what lies inside this beautiful Mughal monument. The Humayun’s Tomb has a long entrance, which leads to gateways. These gateways give a glimpse of the tomb. The main tomb is octagonal in shape. It consists of several graves which belong to nobles and eminent people from the Mughal dynasty.
The main room contains the last remains of the great Mughal Emperor, Humayun and his wife, Bega Begum. The tomb is adorned by a double dome, which is a Persian concept of architecture.
The entire monument is constructed using red sandstone. The use of white and black marble makes the construction even more attractive. While observing the various designs, you can see the use of Persian art too.
The roof of the Humayun’s Tomb has tiny porches which were used by the Madarsa or the college of Arabic education. The roof is a splendid place to be in. You can see some of the other beautiful and famous monuments from the roof top.
Main attractions of the Humayun’s Tomb:
On visiting the Humayun’s Tomb, you will know about the Persian architecture. You will also see a change in the Mughal architectural styles, which a part of the monuments built during Babur’s reign.
The gardens are also an attraction worth mentioning at the Humayun’s Tomb. Mughals seem to have a love for gardens. The monument is surrounded by a beautiful garden, which is maintained till today. The ‘Charbagh’ or the four squared garden was at its best during the Mughal reign, but has lost its charm after the dynasty choose Agra as its capital city.
Facts about Humayun’s Tomb:
The Humayun’s Tomb was conceptualized by a Persian architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyath. The complex has the tombs of Humayun and his wife and other eminent Mughal descends like Dara Shikoh, the son of Shah Jahan. The monument also has tombs of other Mughal rulers such as, Rafi Ul Darjat, Jahandar Shah, Alamgir II and so on.
The Humayun’s Tomb is also remarkable in the history of India, as it had sheltered the last Emperor of Mughal dynasty during the British Rule. Bahadur Shah had been hiding in this Mughal monument, before surrendering himself to the British Rulers.
You can check out the Persian art and the Mughal tastes in this Mughal monument. You will also find the Tomb of Bu Halim, Nila Gumbad, mosque and tomb of Isa Khan and so on. The spectacular Humayun’s Tomb is indeed worth a visit.