Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the Rashtrapati or the President of India. Prior to Indian Independence, this great palace belonged to the Viceroy and was known as the Viceroy House. The huge palace belonged to the Viceroy of India till the year 1950.
About the Rashtrapati Bhavan:
Rashtrapati Bhavan is a major attraction of Delhi. It is a marvelous structure built with the purpose of sheltering the head of the state. This humongous monument has been a piece of attraction not only to the people of India but also tourists from all over the world. The Rashtrapati Bhavan is splendor with its different architectural designs and styles. The monument has the Mughal architectural designs, Persian art forms,Indian designs and the European architectural styles as well.Located in the Raisina Hills, this monument is the main eye candy of New Delhi.
History of Rashtrapati Bhavan
After Calcutta was removed as the capital of British India, Delhi was chosen as the next capital. British Government chose Delhi as its ruling capital and devised plans to adorn the city with some offices and a palace for the Viceroy. To put these plans into action, the official architect of the British Government, Edwin Landseer Lutyens was summoned. He and Herbert Baker designed the Viceroy Home or what is known as the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Initially, these two renowned architects of the British Government started their work on the Rashtrapati Bhavan on good terms, but later they got into arguments.
Inside the Rashtrapati Bhavan:
The Rashtrapati Bhavan is the biggest residence of the Head of the State in the world. It not only has a spectacular exterior, but is adorned with beauties on its interiors too. The Rashtrapati Bhavan consists of 340 rooms and is a four storied building. The building is built with stone and bricks. It has an attractive dome shaped roof which is peaked at the top of the building. There were chajjas, stone water basins, jaalis and so on, which indicates the use of Indian style of architecture in the Rashtrapati Bhavan. Although, the dome of the building is said to have been influenced by Roman architecture, it indicates an influence of the famous Sanchi Stupa.
The temple bells adorned at the pillars of the Rashtrapati Bhavan also indicates the presence of Indian style of designs at this great monument.
Main wings of Rashtrapati Bhavan:
The main areas of the Rashtrapati Bhavan are:
- The State Library
- The State Drawing Room
- The Private Apartments
- The State Dining Room
- The State Ballroom
Hotels near the Rashtrapati Bhavan:
Some of the hotels around the famous Rashtrapati Bhavan are:
- The Metropolitan Hotel
- Crowne Plaza Hotel
- Taj Palace Hotel
- Sri Nanak Continental
- InterContinental The Grand
Visit to this amazing monument in Delhi is a must. You may not be allowed to explore the interiors of this great palace. But you can certainly have a look at this splendid Rashtrapati Bhavan from far. This beautiful President Palace looks the best at night and when decorated on National events like, Independence Day and Republic Day.